Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Glossary

| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | Ha - Hi | Hj - Hz | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | Pa - Ph | Pi - Pz | Q | R | Sa - Sk | Sl - Sz | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |

Glossary - A

  • abnormal gait - gait abnormalities are unusual and uncontrollable problems with walking
  • abscess - localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue
  • achalasia - obstruction of the esophagus that develops due to failure of the esophagogastric sphincter to relax, causing the upper esophagus to fill with retained food.
  • acute brain syndrome - sudden state of severe confusion and rapid changes in brain function
  • adenoma - a benign tumor of a glandular structure or of glandular origin
  • agitation - an unpleasant state of extreme arousal, increased tension, and irritability; extreme emotional disturbance
  • alcohol intolerance - allergy-like symptoms following ingestion of alcohol such as flushing and reddening of the face
  • anaphylactoid - resembling anaphylaxis or anaphylactic shock
  • angina pectoris - severe spasmodic pain in the chest associated with an insufficient supply of blood to the heart, usually involving the left shoulder area
  • anuria - the failure of the kidneys to excrete urine; absence of urine
  • apathy - inappropriate lack of interest, concern, or emotion; indifference
  • aphasia - loss of the ability to articulate ideas or comprehend spoken or written language, resulting from damage to the brain caused by injury or disease
  • aphthous stomatitis - inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth; associated with thrush
  • apnea - temporary absence or cessation of breathing
  • arrhythmia - an alteration in rhythm of the heartbeat
  • arthritis - inflammation of a joint, or joints, of the skeletal system; usually accompanied by pain
  • arthrosis - degenerative disease of a joint of the skeletal system
  • ascites - accumulation of serous fluid in peritoneal (abdominal) cavity
  • asthenia - abnormal loss or lack of bodily strength; weakness; debility
  • asthma - chronic respiratory disease, usually allergic in origin; characterized by sudden recurring attacks of labored breathing, chest constriction, wheezing and coughing
  • ataxia - loss of the ability to coordinate muscle movements
  • atelectasis - collapse of part of the lung caused by blockage to the airway (bronchioles) or by sustained shallow breathing
  • atrial fibrillation - rapid irregular twitchings of the muscular wall of the heart




Multiple Sclerosis

The risk among the general population of contracting Multiple Sclerosis is approx 1 in 800.

MS Drugs

It should be noted that the multiple sclerosis drugs currently in use to treat MS are immunomodulatory. This means the approved drugs used specifically in the treatment of multiple sclerosis have a direct effect on the workings and efficiency of the normal immune system... Read More