Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Glossary

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Glossary - C

  • carcinoma of lung - Lung cancer. Uncontrolled growth of abnormal (cancerous) cells in the lung
  • cardiac arrest - temporary or permanent stopping of the normal heart beat causing loss of circulation and possible death
  • cardiomegaly - enlargement of the heart
  • cardiospasm - obstruction of the esophagus that develops due to failure of the esophagogastric sphincter to relax, causing the upper esophagus to fill with retained food.
  • cellulitis - inflammation of connective tissue under the skin, usually caused by a bacterial infection and potentially life-threatening
  • cerebral hemorrhage - bleeding into the brain from a ruptured blood vessel
  • cerebral ischemia - decreased supply of blood to the brain or part of the brain caused by blockage or obstruction of the supplying blood vessels
  • cervicitis - inflammation of the cervix of the uterus; usually as a result of infection
  • cheilitis - inflammation of the lip or lips
  • cholecystitis - inflammation of the gallbladder
  • cholelithiasis - formation or presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
  • chronic brain syndrome - Dementia. Referring to a group of symptoms involving progressive impairment of brain function
  • chronic lymphocytic leukemia - lymphocytic leukemia that is marked by an abnormal increase in the number of mature lymphocytes and especially B cells
  • coma - state of profound unconsciousness in which an individual is incapable of sensing or responding to the external environment
  • contact dermatitis - an acute or chronic skin reaction to a allergen
  • Cushing’s Syndrome - a hormonal disorder caused by prolonged exposure of the body's tissues to high levels of the hormone cortisol. Also called hypercortisolism
  • cyanosis - bluish or purplish tinge to the skin and mucous membranes usually caused by a lack of oxygenated blood reaching the affected areas




Multiple Sclerosis

Approx 2.5 million people worldwide, have Multiple Sclerosis.

Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis

The symptoms of multiple sclerosis are varied and can occur suddenly, then disappear again just as quickly. There are no specific sets of symptoms applicable to any of the types of multiple sclerosis. Additionally, symptoms of multiple sclerosis tend to vary considerably from one person to another and also to be distant in time... Read More