Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Glossary

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Glossary - C

  • carcinoma of lung - Lung cancer. Uncontrolled growth of abnormal (cancerous) cells in the lung
  • cardiac arrest - temporary or permanent stopping of the normal heart beat causing loss of circulation and possible death
  • cardiomegaly - enlargement of the heart
  • cardiospasm - obstruction of the esophagus that develops due to failure of the esophagogastric sphincter to relax, causing the upper esophagus to fill with retained food.
  • cellulitis - inflammation of connective tissue under the skin, usually caused by a bacterial infection and potentially life-threatening
  • cerebral hemorrhage - bleeding into the brain from a ruptured blood vessel
  • cerebral ischemia - decreased supply of blood to the brain or part of the brain caused by blockage or obstruction of the supplying blood vessels
  • cervicitis - inflammation of the cervix of the uterus; usually as a result of infection
  • cheilitis - inflammation of the lip or lips
  • cholecystitis - inflammation of the gallbladder
  • cholelithiasis - formation or presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
  • chronic brain syndrome - Dementia. Referring to a group of symptoms involving progressive impairment of brain function
  • chronic lymphocytic leukemia - lymphocytic leukemia that is marked by an abnormal increase in the number of mature lymphocytes and especially B cells
  • coma - state of profound unconsciousness in which an individual is incapable of sensing or responding to the external environment
  • contact dermatitis - an acute or chronic skin reaction to a allergen
  • Cushing’s Syndrome - a hormonal disorder caused by prolonged exposure of the body's tissues to high levels of the hormone cortisol. Also called hypercortisolism
  • cyanosis - bluish or purplish tinge to the skin and mucous membranes usually caused by a lack of oxygenated blood reaching the affected areas

 

 

 

Multiple Sclerosis

In 1936, only 8% of patients with Multiple Sclerosis were reported to survive beyond 20 years after onset of illness.

MS Drugs

It should be noted that the multiple sclerosis drugs currently in use to treat MS are immunomodulatory. This means the approved drugs used specifically in the treatment of multiple sclerosis have a direct effect on the workings and efficiency of the normal immune system... Read More