Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Glossary

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Glossary - C

  • carcinoma of lung - Lung cancer. Uncontrolled growth of abnormal (cancerous) cells in the lung
  • cardiac arrest - temporary or permanent stopping of the normal heart beat causing loss of circulation and possible death
  • cardiomegaly - enlargement of the heart
  • cardiospasm - obstruction of the esophagus that develops due to failure of the esophagogastric sphincter to relax, causing the upper esophagus to fill with retained food.
  • cellulitis - inflammation of connective tissue under the skin, usually caused by a bacterial infection and potentially life-threatening
  • cerebral hemorrhage - bleeding into the brain from a ruptured blood vessel
  • cerebral ischemia - decreased supply of blood to the brain or part of the brain caused by blockage or obstruction of the supplying blood vessels
  • cervicitis - inflammation of the cervix of the uterus; usually as a result of infection
  • cheilitis - inflammation of the lip or lips
  • cholecystitis - inflammation of the gallbladder
  • cholelithiasis - formation or presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
  • chronic brain syndrome - Dementia. Referring to a group of symptoms involving progressive impairment of brain function
  • chronic lymphocytic leukemia - lymphocytic leukemia that is marked by an abnormal increase in the number of mature lymphocytes and especially B cells
  • coma - state of profound unconsciousness in which an individual is incapable of sensing or responding to the external environment
  • contact dermatitis - an acute or chronic skin reaction to a allergen
  • Cushing’s Syndrome - a hormonal disorder caused by prolonged exposure of the body's tissues to high levels of the hormone cortisol. Also called hypercortisolism
  • cyanosis - bluish or purplish tinge to the skin and mucous membranes usually caused by a lack of oxygenated blood reaching the affected areas




Multiple Sclerosis

2002 – A patient with Multiple Sclerosis can expect to live to average population life-expectancy minus seven years (mean life expectancy - 7 years).

Cause of Multiple Sclerosis

The cause of multiple sclerosis remains a mystery. Many different causes have been proposed and investigated but as yet the cause of multiple sclerosis remains elusive... Read More