Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Glossary

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Glossary - M

  • maculopapular rash - a rash that contains both macules, a discolored spot or area on the skin that is not elevated above the surface; and papules, a small, solid, usually inflammatory bump in the skin that does not contain pus
  • malaise - an indefinite feeling of debility or lack of health often indicative of, or accompanying the onset of an illness
  • manic reaction - excitement of psychotic nature manifested by mental and physical hyperactivity, disorganization of behavior and (extreme) elevation of mood
  • melena - the passage of dark tarry stools containing blood that has been subject to partial digestion; usually an indication of bleeding in the upper part of the digestive tract, especially the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum
  • meningitis - inflammation of the meninges (lining) of the brain and spinal cord
  • muscle atrophy - wasting or loss of muscle tissue resulting from disease or lack of use
  • myalagia - muscular pain or tenderness
  • mydriasis - excessive dilatation of the pupil of the eye usually in response to a decrease in light or certain drugs
  • myocardial infarct - destruction of heart tissue resulting from obstruction of the blood supply to the heart muscle
  • myopathy - disease of the muscle tissue not related to nerve function
  • myositis - inflammation of muscle tissue, usually with accompanying pain and swelling

 

 

 

Multiple Sclerosis

The risk of contracting Multiple Sclerosis if a first-degree relative (father, mother, sibling) has the disease, is approx 1% - 3% overall.

Cause of Multiple Sclerosis

The cause of multiple sclerosis remains a mystery. Many different causes have been proposed and investigated but as yet the cause of multiple sclerosis remains elusive... Read More