Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Glossary

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Glossary - Sl - Sz

  • spider angioma - dilation of tiny capillaries (blood vessels), usually affecting the skin, with a central red dot from which the blood vessels radiate
  • splenomegaly - abnormal enlargement of the spleen beyond its normal size
  • stomach ulcer - an ulcer within the stomach
  • stupor - state of impaired consciousness characterized by a marked reduction in capacity, particularly to external stimuli
  • subarachnoid hemorrhage - bleeding within the skull, between the arachnoid and pia membranes.
  • subdural hematoma - rapidly clotting blood collecting below the inner layer of the dura but external to the brain and arachnoid membrane
  • syncope - brief loss of consciousness caused by a sudden fall of blood pressure and lack of oxygen to the brain




Multiple Sclerosis

The risk of contracting Multiple Sclerosis if a first-degree relative (father, mother, sibling) has the disease, is approx 1% - 3% overall.

MS Drugs

It should be noted that the multiple sclerosis drugs currently in use to treat MS are immunomodulatory. This means the approved drugs used specifically in the treatment of multiple sclerosis have a direct effect on the workings and efficiency of the normal immune system... Read More